Transportation

Airports

The province has one government airport located in the town of Sibulan, and also two private airports located in Tolong, Sta. Catalina and in the Pamplona Estate in Pamplona. Another private airport is soon to be constructed in Bayawan City.

Sibulan airport. The Sibulan airport is the only major airport in Negros Oriental serving daily domestic flights to and from Manila with two airline companies (Air Philippines and Cebu Pacific). Its facilities are for all weather conditions. Based on 2002 statistics, around 5,800 outgoing passengers and about 5,700 incoming passengers pass through the Sibulan airport every month on the average. Monthly cargo throughput based on 2002 figures averages around 65.4 metric tons for incoming and 47.7 metric tons for outgoing.

 

Seaports

There are 14 ports in the province—four (4) government and 10 private. The government ports handle both passenger and cargo traffics. The private seaports are generally utilized for the shipment of cargoes. The four (4) government ports are the Dumaguete Port, the Tandayag Port, the Guihulngan Port, and the Bais Port. The Philippine Ports Authority’s Port Management Office (PMO-Dumaguete) exercises jurisdiction over all these ports.

Dumaguete Port

The Port of Dumaguete is the main gateway to Negros Oriental. It is also a major link to Mindanao traffic and is part of the “Strong Republic Nautical Highway” route. It is the province’s biggest port, with a total land area of 22,536 square meters and a total berthing length of 647 meters. The DPWH also reclaimed an area of about 5,534 square meters.

Port facilities include the following: three (3) reinforced concrete finger piers (30 x 166 meters for Pier 1, 16 x 80 meters for Pier 2, and 12 x 162 meters for Pier 3); two (2) Roll-on Roll-off (RORO) ramps (9 x 11 meters and 12 x 12 meters); container yard (1,945 square meters); passenger shed (265 square meters and seating capacity of 60 persons); and open storage area (6,000 square meters).

The Dumaguete Port is also the busiest port in the province. In 1999, the port registered the most number of shipcalls—7,185—made by domestic and inter-island vessels, resulting in the transfer of about 324,241 metric tons of cargo. For that year, a total of 1,230,000 passengers embarked/disembarked at the port.

About nine (9) major shipping lines operate in the Port of Dumaguete. These are the Lorenzo Shipping, WGA Shipping, Sulpicio Lines, Negros Navigation Company, Aboitiz Shipping, George and Peter Lines, Cokaliong Shipping, Trans-Asia Shipping, Palacio Shipping and DIMC Shipping. They have a combined total of 20 ferries, fourteen (14) passenger/cargo vessels, three (3) container ships, and three (3) vessels that are purely for passengers only.

Tandayag Port

This minor port is located in Amlan, about 18 kilometers north of Dumaguete City. It has a total land area of 2,150 square meters with an open storage area of 800 square meters. Its berthing facilities consist primarily of one (1) 12-meter by 24-meter reinforced concrete wharf and one (1) 15-meter by 20-meter reinforced concrete beach ramp, making the port accessible only to small vessels going to and coming from Cebu island. This port serves as an alternate for docking of small vessels. Two shipping lines operate in this port namely: Millennum Shipping and ABC Lines. A total of 5,317 shipcalls were made at this port in 1999, resulting in 132,413 metric tons of cargo. Also in 1999, some 332,929 passengers passed through the port.

Guihulngan Port

Located some 116 kilometers north of Dumaguete City, this port provides another way of getting to and from the island of Cebu. It caters mainly to small vessels plying the route between Guihulngan and Tangil, Dumanjug, Cebu. Port facilities include an L-type reinforced concrete finger pier 6-meter wide by 55-meter long, and a berthing area of 99 meters with six (6) cleats mooring fixtures. Two shipping lines also operate in this port namely: Rodriguez Shipping and Pages Shipping. In 1999, the port got 1,620 shipcalls with 830 metric tons of cargo as well as 176,003 inbound/outbound passengers.

Bais Port

Situated about 45 kilometers north of Dumaguete City, this port is located within the haven of Bais Bay. With only a rock causeway facility measuring 10 meters wide and 85 meters long, this port can only accommodate small vessels. In fact, the port is mainly utilized as a jump-off point for dolphin and whale watching tours.

Private seaports

There are 10 private seaports in Negros Oriental. Six (6) of these ports are located in the southern side, four (4) in the northern side of the province. Four (4) of these are international private seaports owned by corporations that operate industrial plants in the province, namely: the Central Azucarera de Bais (CAB) in Tanjay; the Universal Robina Sugar Milling Company (URSUMCO) in Manjuyod; the DYNO Philippines, Inc. in Bacong; and the Herminio Teves and Co., Inc. (HTCI), in Tolong, Sta. Catalina.

Nine of these 10 private seaports in the province are classified as exclusive, as follows: CAB port in Luka, Tanjay City; Caltex Philippines, Inc. port in Tandayag, Amlan; URSUMCO port in Campuyo, Manjuyod, DYNO Philippines, Inc. port in San Miguel, Bacong; Looc Lead Ores, Inc. port in Looc, Ayungon; Dumaguete Coconut Milling Co., Inc. port in San Miguel, Bacong; Pryce Gases, Inc. port in Barangay Awaan, Ayungon; Maayo Shipping, Inc. port in Tampi, San Jose; and HTCI port in Tolong, Sta. Catalina. The port of July Lighterage Corp. in Looc, Sibulan functions as a commercial port.

 

 

Transportation-Infrastructure

Roads and Bridges

All the cities and towns of Negros Oriental are connected by a network of roads and bridges. National and provincial roads total more than 900 kilometers, broken down as follows:

120.42 kilometers (13.24%)
308.885 kilometers (33.95%)
352.596 kilometers (38.76%)
127.867 kilometers (14.05%)

concrete paved
asphalt-paved
gravel roads
earth roads

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has three engineering district s in the province, one per congressional district. As of May 2003, the three engineering districts in the province recorded a combined total of 379.114 kilometers of national roads. The number is broken down as follows:

First Engineering District (based in Guihulngan)
Second Engineering District (based in Dumaguete City)
Third Engineering District (based in Siaton)

124.592 km
110.027 km
144.495 km

On the other hand, the Provincial Engineer’s Office in Negros Oriental has constructed or improved a total provincial road length of 494.578 kilometers.

As for bridges, the DPWH has constructed and maintains a total of 140 bridges (equivalent to 4,782 linear meters) while the Provincial Engineer’s Office has built some 17 farm-to-market bridges with a combined length of 434.68 linear meters.

An important route that has recently been developed is the Negros Oriental part of the national government’s Strong Republic Nautical Highway. This highway connects the western province of Negros Occidental to the island of Cebu via the national road passing through Mabinay and down to the ports in Amlan and Dumaguete City.

These roads and bridges are being used by an estimated 40,000 government and private vehicles. In 2002, a total of 352 trucks-for-hire and 834 utility vehicles-for-hire were registered. In 2003, the number of trucks-for-hire declined to 267 but that of utility vehicles-for-hire increased to 733. As of the period January-April 2004, a total of 99 trucks-for-hire and 274 utility vehicles have been registered.